In Greek Mythology, Athena was the Goddess of Wisdom and Strategy, and acted as a female counterpart to Ares in her role as Goddess of War. She was also a companion to heroes and the patron deity of Athens.
The Greek Goddess Athena
Athena was depicted as a beautiful, yet stern Goddess in Greek mythology. She could be best described as being calculating - weighing up all the options before making a decision. As such, Athena was revered for her wisdom and unmatched intelligence, especially when it came to matters of war or even peace. This was because unlike many of the other Olympian Gods, who were temperamental at the best of times, she made rational decisions and could also be a good broker of the peace. Her celestial duties were not just limited to strategy and wisdom however. Athena was also the Goddess for artisans and poetry, and is considered a civilising force. Often accompanied by an owl, which itself has become a symbol of wisdom, she was the favorite daughter of Zeus, but found herself drawn into rivalry with her uncle who was Poseidon.
Poseidon and Athena battle - credts: matintheworld/depositphotos
Athena in Greek Mythology
There are many myths and legends involving the Greek Goddess Athena. Two of the most well know ones are her birth (where she sprang full formed from the forehead of Zeus who had been complaining of a headache), and the story of how the city of Athens was named. Perhaps the story that best illustrates the wisdom of Athena, is given to us by Homer in The Odyssey. She often appears to the hero Odysseus and his son Telemachus in disguise or in visions. In doing so, she acts as a guide, helping point the characters in the right direction and offering advice. The Odyssey even draws comparisons between Athena and Odysseus when Homer gives this line to Athena: "We both know tricks, since you are by far the best among all men in counsel and tales, but I among all the Gods have renown for wit (metis) and tricks".